Numbers of the week, Mar. 7, 2019

. Mar 07, 2020
Brazil by the Numbers oil bolsonaro energy bhp country risk marielle poverty rio currency amazon paraisópolis xp 2019 inflation nazi imf coronavirus carnival Iron ore femicides coronavirus deaths

This is Brazil by the Numbers, a weekly digest of the most interesting figures tucked inside the latest news about Brazil. A selection of numbers that help explain what is going on in Brazil. This week’s topics: femicides, coronavirus, elections, poor GDP growth figures, and much more.

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1.1-percent growth

The Brazilian economy

posted <a href="">1.1-percent GDP growth in 2019</a>—its worst performance since the country dug itself out of recession in 2017. While the numbers hardly came as a surprise, they were far below the initial median forecasts of 2 percent growth. This means that despite Congress passing labor and tax reforms in 2017 and 2019, the economy is still languishing at 2013 levels. For economists, the solution is more reform. Data published by Brazil’s official statistics bureau indicate small yet steady growth over each quarter in 2019, which would be consistent with a gradually recovering economy.&nbsp;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>7 femicides per hour&nbsp;</h2> <p>According to official data gathered by a <em>G1</em> study, the number of <a href="">femicides increased by 7.3 percent in 2019 across all Brazilian states</a>. This means that one woman is killed every 7 hours on account of her gender, with a total of 1,314 cases last year. Despite the increase in these gender hate crimes, the number of murders reached its lowest level in 2019, with 19 percent fewer cases, according to the Brazilian Forum of Public Security. Experts disagree on the details of this increase. While some point out that femicides are, in fact, becoming more prevalent, others argue that the rise is down to an increase in reporting, as more and more states are using the proper definition of femicide.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>7 deceased voters</h2> <p>The Brazilian Electoral Court found that seven of the signatures gathered to support the creation of <a href="">President Jair Bolsonaro&#8217;s new political party</a> came from deceased people. The leader left the Social Liberal Party (PSL) in 2019, then gathered support to create the far-right Alliance for Brazil party. To finalize the party&#8217;s registration, however, Mr. Bolsonaro needs 491,900 notarized signatures from voters around the country—a tall order. It is likely that the Alliance for Brazil will be unable to finish the process in time to dispute October&#8217;s municipal elections.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>BRL 10 million in investments</h2> <p>The federal government foresees <a href="">investments of BRL 10 million to map the possible next stages of the coronavirus outbreak</a>, including clinical treatments to prevent the disease. That amount will be passed on to researchers and institutes responsible for these cases. So far, the Health Ministry has confirmed the existence of 13 cases. Most of the patients have been to Italy recently—the European country already has thousands of confirmed cases—but the most recent findings of the ministry show that internal transmission is already happening in Brazil.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>5,570 new mayors</h2> <p>The <a href="">official electoral timetable began this week</a>, with Brazil’s 5,570 municipalities heading to the polls in seven months to elect new mayors and members of city councils. Coming two years before the next presidential election in 2022, this will be the first true test of President Jair Bolsonaro’s clout with voters since he was elected in 2018. Furthermore, these midterm elections are crucial for federal-level politicians and state governors around the country, as they seek to develop alliances and support bases to leave them in good standing for their own elections in 2022.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>147 deaths</h2> <p>Heavy <a href="">rainfal</a>l in the coastal Santos region, 71 kilometers from the state capital of São Paulo, has led to the deaths of 30 people, with another 49 reported missing. In the entire Southeast region, <a href="">147 people have died due to landslides and floods</a>. Infrastructure in the region&#8217;s towns has also witnessed severe damage. According to local firefighters, it’s unlikely that the remaining victims will be rescued alive. Every year, locations up and down Brazil are tormented by heavy rains, with a number of deaths and people losing their homes. While climate change is playing a part—with a significant increase in extreme weather events in the country—the state has to shoulder its share of the blame. As we reported in March 2019, these <a href="">disasters could be mitigated</a> with investments in popular housing projects and better treatment of waste.</p> <div id="buzzsprout-player-2725189"></div> <script src=";player=small" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script> <p>

Lucas Berti

Lucas Berti covers international affairs—specializing Latin American politics and markets. He has been published by Opera Mundi, Revista VIP, and The Intercept Brasil, among others.

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