Society

Bolsonaro cuts Madonna, condoms, and coups from university exam

The 2021 edition of national university entrance exam Enem took place this weekend under a cloud, amid claims that the Bolsonaro government sought to censor "controversial" questions

enem exam
Students arrive at exam site in Brasília for the 2021 Enem. Photo: Valter Campanato/ABr

Brazil’s national university entrance exam (Enem) came to a close this weekend with its second day of testing. The main access point to higher education for Latin America’s biggest country, this year’s Enem saw the smallest number of enrolled students since 2005.

The 2021 exam was surrounded by controversy, with threats of government interference and censorship, and a wave of resignations within the Enem testing body. Since taking office in January 2019, Brazil’s far-right President Jair Bolsonaro has pledged to interfere in the Enem, calling for the removal of “ideological questions” and promising that the exam would begin to...

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