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Numbers of the week: July 18, 2020

. Jul 18, 2020
america jobs elections coronavirus deaths fake news UN charter coronavirus deaths Health Ministry data, economic reopening ... Brazil's numbers this week

This is Brazil by the Numbers, a weekly digest of the most interesting figures tucked inside the latest news about Brazil. A selection of numbers that help explain what is going on in Brazil. This week’s topics: a coronavirus milestone, football is back — despite the pandemic, the impact of the crisis on small businesses, Bolsonaro’s popularity, the government’s optimistic predictions for the economy in 2020, and new deforestation records.

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2 million coronavirus cases

Brazil has reached the mark of 2 million Covid-19 cases, before the outbreak has even reached its peak, say experts. Only the U.S. has higher numbers of deaths and infections — but Latin America’s biggest nation is doing its best to catch up. Cases have risen in 16 of 27 states — and only in the northern state of Amapá have they decreased.


USD 2 billion for vaccines

Brazil

should expect to contribute around USD 2 billion to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (<a href="https://www.gavi.org/" target="_blank" aria-label="undefined (opens in a new tab)" rel="noreferrer noopener">Gavi</a>) if it wants to receive enough Covid-19 <a href="https://brazilian.report/coronavirus-brazil-live-blog/2020/06/12/brazil-launches-campaign-promoting-vaccination-during-pandemic/">vaccines</a> in the first round of vaccine distributions, according to projections by financial newspaper Valor. The forecast stipulates that the country will initially need to vaccinate 20 percent of its population to achieve a basic level of immunity. Some analysts believe that having 20 percent of the population with antibodies would already be enough to register a significant decrease in the coronavirus contagion rate.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>23 players Covid-19 positive</h2> <p>One of Brazil&#8217;s fiercest football rivalries will embark on another chapter next week, as São Paulo sides Palmeiras and Corinthians square off in the first game back from the pandemic break. However, 23 Corinthians players have contracted coronavirus — almost 70 percent of the squad. <a href="https://brazilian.report/podcast/2019/05/08/59-business-brazilian-football/">Palmeiras</a>, in turn, had at least three of its starting players testing positive for coronavirus — and midfielder Alanzinho recently lost his father to the disease.&nbsp;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>716,000 businesses cease to exist</h2> <p>According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, 1.3 million businesses have suspended activities since the arrival of the coronavirus in Brazil. At least 716,400 of them have gone <a href="https://brazilian.report/podcast/2020/07/01/explaining-brazil-podcast-violent-effects-of-brazil-job-apocalypse/">out of business</a> for good. Only 13 percent of the companies that went out of business had access to financial support from the federal government to assist them with expenses incurred during the health crisis.&nbsp;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>4.7-percent GDP fall</h2> <p>Brazil’s <a href="https://brazilian.report/opinion/2020/05/30/covid-19-inequality-could-strike-down-brazils-economy-minister/">Economy Ministry</a> maintained its estimate of a 4.7-percent plunge for Brazil’s GDP in 2020, followed by 3.2-percent growth in 2021. “It is important to highlight that the pandemic and social isolation measures have generated uncertainty regarding economic activity, imposing restrictions on the use of predictive methodologies purely based on historical patterns,” said the ministry in a bulletin. Market’s estimates, however, are far more pessimistic. Institutions polled by the Central Bank’s Focus Report have a median projection of a 6.1-percent plunge this year.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>45 percent don&#8217;t like Jair</h2> <p>The percentage of Brazilians who classified Mr. Bolsonaro’s government as “bad or terrible” increased sharply during the pandemic, but are now falling, since the beginning of June. Furthermore, those who believe the administration is doing a “<a href="https://brazilian.report/podcast/2020/05/06/explaining-brazil-podcast-107-support-bolsonaro-resilient/">great or good</a>” job reached 30 percent, the highest level since late April. Pollsters believe that this increase is linked to the government’s BRL 600 monthly <a href="https://brazilian.report/coronavirus-brazil-live-blog/2020/06/05/government-releases-names-of-54-million-emergency-salary-beneficiaries/">coronavirus salary</a>, which pays out aid to needy populations who have lost income during the pandemic.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>14 months of increasing deforestation</h2> <p>Lubia Vinhas, coordinator of the Earth Surveillance project within the National Institute of Space Research (Inpe), was dismissed from her position. Among other duties, Ms. Vinhas was responsible for overseeing the live monitoring of deforestation activity in the Amazon rainforest, using satellite imagery. Her firing comes to a couple of days after Inpe’s latest report revealed that deforestation figures in the Amazon grew for the <a href="https://brazilian.report/coronavirus-brazil-live-blog/2020/07/10/amazon-deforestation-rises-for-14th-straight-month-in-brazil/">14th straight month</a> in June, making 2020 on par to record Brazil’s worst deforestation rates since 2008.

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Lucas Berti

Lucas Berti covers international affairs — specialized in Latin American politics and markets. He has been published by Opera Mundi, Revista VIP, and The Intercept Brasil, among others.

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