In 2018, a far-right wave swept over Brazilian politics — spearheaded by the landslide win of Jair Bolsonaro in the presidency. It was an election of extremes, and anti-politics. Many states elected newcomers as governors and Congress saw its highest renewal rate in two decades. However, just as the massive Operation Car Wash anti-corruption probe did not fundamentally change how parties finance their campaigns — with scandals continuing to sprout across the country — Mr. Bolsonaro’s triumph was not a deadly blow to the political establishment.
Center-right parties regained their protagonism in municipal elections, either by re-electing mayors or snatching new municipalities.