Why is Brazil’s Congress so fragmented?

Why is Brazil's Congress so fragmented?
No other country has no many parties in Congress

No less than 30 parties had candidates elected for Congress in October – unprecedented, even for Brazil’s already high level of parliamentary fragmentation. Brazil has more parties represented in Congress than any other democracy in the world, which has created many problems for our presidents. Two of them have been impeached (Fernando Collor and Dilma Rousseff), while the other two (Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Lula) faced accusations – albeit on different scales – of having bribed congressmen to pass legislation.

The Brazilian political system has already been nicknamed “imperial presidentialism” due to the excessive power given to the executive...

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