Latin America

What Mexico can learn from Bolivia about lithium

AMLO has put Mexico’s lithium sector in state hands and hopes to take example from Bolivia’s nationalized model. But the lessons to be learned are perhaps not the ones he thinks

lithium bolivia mexico
Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia. Photo: Ksenia Ragozina/Shutterstock

After his controversial energy reform bill was rejected by Congress in April, Mexico’s President Andrés Manuel ‘AMLO’ López Obrador shifted his efforts to the country’s lithium resources. Last month the Senate approved amendments to the mining law which put the exploration, extraction, and use of this ‘white gold’ under state control – essentially achieving with lithium what AMLO’s left-leaning government tried but failed to do for the energy sector as a whole: the nationalization of the production chain to reduce dependency on the private sector and attain greater economic sovereignty.

But the path toward an efficient production environment that could...

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