Economies all over the world are tanking due to Covid-19 and the forced social isolation measures that have come with the pandemic. In Brazil, GDP is set to shrink by between 6 and 10 percent this year, depending on who you listen to. But Latin America’s biggest economy has an additional problem. The coronavirus crisis came as the country was still struggling to recover from the 2014-2016 recession, which — out of Brazil’s extensive rap sheet of economic downturns — was the worst on record. This latest GDP contraction will cap off what has essentially been a lost decade.
In just three months, the pandemic has thrown out almost ten years of growth in GDP per capita, signifying two things: this crisis is more severe than the one that preceded it, and growth in Brazil has already been feeble for years. Considering the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) estimates for the economy, GDP per capita has backslid to 2010 levels.