A century ago, scientists discovered the existence of superconductivity — a property of certain materials, which at extremely low temperatures exhibit no resistance or loss when conducting energy.
The most commonly-used materials for conductors in electric and electronic appliances today have some resistivity, meaning there is always a degree of loss in the transmission of energy. This could change with the use of superconductors.
Developing superconductors could lead to new applications for next-generation electronic devices, including supercomputers, new ways to power magnetic levitation trains, and even allow us to do away with batteries.
Given their potential, there is now a...