In 2010, a devastating earthquake killed over 200,000 people in Haiti. With the Caribbean nation left in tatters, thousands of Haitians pulled up stakes and headed for Brazil — which was enjoying an economic boom at the time. The point of entry for many of these migrants was the state of Acre, on Brazil’s westernmost tip and part of the Amazon Basin. As one of the country’s poorest and least populous states, Acre struggled with the sudden influx of Haitian people and declared a state of social emergency in 2013. The wave of migration lasted until 2014.
The following year, Brazil’s northernmost state Roraima began receiving an influx of Venezuelan immigrants who were fleeing political, economic, and social chaos in their home country.