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Numbers of the week: Jan. 8, 2021

. Jan 09, 2021
coronavirus numbers vaccine covid

This is Brazil by the Numbers, a weekly digest of the most interesting figures tucked inside the latest news about Brazil. A selection of numbers that help explain what is going on in Brazil. This week: deaths from Covid-19, Bolsonaro government approval ratings, coronavirus vaccines, and mortality among health professionals.

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200,000 coronavirus deaths

On January 8, Brazil topped the mark of 200,000 coronavirus deaths. Meanwhile, the number of total infections is inching closer to 8 million. On January 7, two weeks after the holiday season started, Brazil saw a record number of daily infections (87,843) and the second-highest number of new daily deaths (1,524).

</p> <p>Multiple state capitals have seen ICU occupation rates rapidly soaring, and some of Brazil&#8217;s main urban centers — such as Belo Horizonte —&nbsp;will impose lockdowns next week.</p> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641109"><script src="https://public.flourish.studio/resources/embed.js"></script></div> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641192"><script src="https://public.flourish.studio/resources/embed.js"></script></div> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>2 vaccines close to approval</h2> <p>On January 8, federal health regulator Anvisa received requests for the emergency approval of two vaccines: one produced by <a href="https://brazilian.report/coronavirus-brazil-live-blog/2021/01/08/butantan-institute-files-for-coronavac-emergency-approval/">Chinese lab Sinovac</a> (in partnership with São Paulo&#8217;s Butantan Biological Institute) and the other by <a href="https://brazilian.report/coronavirus-brazil-live-blog/2021/01/08/request-for-emergency-approval-of-astrazeneca-vaccine-filed-in-brazil/">British-Swedish lab AstraZeneca</a> (in partnership with the federal Oswaldo Cruz Foundation). Anvisa officials say clearance could come within ten days — but the agency may extend the deadline if further information is necessary.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>78 percent effective in late trials</h2> <p>The CoronaVac vaccine posted a 78-percent efficacy rate during late-stage trials in Brazil. That rate refers to mild Covid-19 cases — while moderate and severe ones were completely avoided among trial participants. On January 6, São Paulo Governor João Doria presented his statewide plan to begin administering the CoronaVac to São Paulo citizens from January 25 on, and said cities where social restrictions are not observed will go &#8220;to the back of the vaccine line.&#8221;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>One-third of worldwide nurse deaths</h2> <p>According to the <a href="http://www.cofen.gov.br/brasil-responde-por-30-das-mortes-de-profissionais-de-enfermagem-por-covid-19_80622.html">International Nursing Council</a>, a total of 1,500 nurses have died of Covid-19 in 44 countries — one-third of them coming in Brazil. According to the survey, the victims are mostly women, aged between 40 and 60, and had at least one pre-existing medical condition.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>75 percent want to get immunized</h2> <p>A PoderData survey shows that 75 percent of Brazilians intend to take any <a href="https://brazilian.report/newsletters/brazil-weekly/2021/01/04/2021-begins-with-uncertainty-over-brazil-vaccine-plan/">vaccine</a> developed against Covid-19. A total of 16 percent say they would reject any coronavirus vaccination. The typical profile of those willing to get vaccinated are male (77 percent), aged between 16 to 24 years (88 percent), with higher education (87 percent), and earning between 5 to 10 times the minimum wage (90 percent).</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>22,000 stacked graves</h2> <p>The <a href="https://brazilian.report/coronavirus-brazil-live-blog/2020/09/29/manaus-mayor-calls-for-lockdown-against-new-covid-19-peak/">second wave of coronavirus in Brazil again reached Manaus</a>, capital of the northern state of Amazonas. This Friday, the mayor of the city said that they will build 22,000 stacked graves to prevent a collapse of the funeral system. According to official data, at least 213 people died at home in December, including Covid-19 patients and people suffering from other diseases who failed to receive hospital care.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>52 percent oppose the Bolsonaro administration</h2> <p>As the government-sponsored coronavirus <a href="https://brazilian.report/power/2020/08/20/what-happens-when-brazils-coronavirus-emergency-aid-ends/">emergency salary program expired</a> at the end of 2020, analysts believed that President Jair Bolsonaro’s approval ratings would go down with it. Indeed, a new opinion poll by PoderData — the first since the end of the aid initiative — corroborates that prediction. In January, the administration’s rejection rates jumped from 47 to 52 percent, outside the margin of error.</p> <p>Emergency aid payments were first pegged at BRL 600 but halved in September and expired completely in December.&nbsp; The benefit reached over 67 million people.

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Ariádne Mussato

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