Numbers of the week: Aug. 8, 2020

. Aug 08, 2020
military inflation vaccine football jobs elections coronavirus deaths fake news UN charter coronavirus deaths Health Ministry data, economic reopening ... Brazil's numbers this week

This is Brazil by the Numbers, a weekly digest of the most interesting figures tucked inside the latest news about Brazil. A selection of numbers that help explain what is going on in Brazil. This week’s topics: Brazil’s coronavirus death toll, racism in numbers, potential economic relief, Caetano Veloso turns 78, fake currency on the streets, another chapter of the job apocalypse, Bolsonaro’s Covid-19 cabinet, and improved industrial sector results.

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Almost 100,000 coronavirus deaths

Brazil is very close to reaching

100,000 total <a href="">Covid-19</a> deaths, though still 60,000 away from the total tally in the U.S., still the country with most losses. During the week, President Jair Bolsonaro tweeted his condolences to the over 150 victims in the explosions in Beirut, capital of Lebanon. However, the coronavirus kills almost ten times more people in a single day in Brazil. Yet, Mr. Bolsonaro is still dismissive of the crisis. Discussing the rising death toll, he <a href="">said</a> “let&#8217;s get on with our lives and find a way out of this.”</p> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641109" data-url=""><script src=""></script></div> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641192" data-url=""><script src=""></script></div> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>8 in every 10&nbsp;</h2> <p><a href="">Racism is institutionalized</a> in Brazil and the numbers don’t lie. A study by the Rio de Janeiro Public Defender’s Office showed that 80 percent of people arrested <em>in flagrante </em>declared themselves as black or multiracial. The researchers worked with a sample of 23,497 people between 2017 to 2019. Also, those who self-declared as black or multiracial have more difficulty getting parole — 27 percent, compared with 30 percent among white people. Skin color also changes the treatment of police officers: 40 percent of black or multiracial people complained of receiving aggressions during their arrest, while 34 percent of white people reported such heavy-handed treatment.&nbsp;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>-5.66-percent GDP drop</h2> <p>According to the <a href="">Central Bank</a>, Brazil’s economy seems to be slowly recovering from the adverse effects caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, with GDP projections improving to an expected market contraction of 5.66 percent in 2020. This assessment marks the fifth week in a row of improved GDP forecasts by the Central Bank, which projected a <a href="">GDP drop as low as 6.5 percent in mid-June</a>. Last week, the Central Bank tipped Brazilian GDP to fall 5.77 percent by the end of the year.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>Fake BRL 200 bills</h2> <p>On social media, people shared the image of a <a href="">BRL 200 bill</a> found in the city of Madureira, Rio de Janeiro state. It went viral for a simple reason: the new banknote has not been released yet by the Brazilian Central Bank, which plans to phase in the new currency by the end of the month. On Twitter, the institution’s official account<a href=";"> warned people about the fake cash</a>: “Citizens should not accept any banknotes of this value.”</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>9 million jobs lost since March</h2> <p>According to the first full quarterly poll during the Covid-19 pandemic by the <a href="">Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)</a>, 8.9 million Brazilians lost their jobs between April and June. The figure represents a 12.2-percent increase in relation to the January-March quarter, which saw the first ripple effects of the pandemic on the job market. Now, the total figure of Brazilians of working age who are not in employment skyrocketed by 15.6 percent in comparison to the previous quarter, totaling 77.8 million Brazilians or 37.13 percent of the population — the highest figure ever recorded.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>9 coronavirus cases in Bolsonaro’s cabinet</h2> <p>Jorge Oliveira, the president&#8217;s Secretary-General, has tested positive for the coronavirus — becoming the eighth member of Jair Bolsonaro&#8217;s 23-person cabinet to do so. In just over a month, the number of people working at the presidential palace who contracted Covid-19 jumped 65 percent, with 70 of the 178 cases being confirmed over the past 30 days —&nbsp;besides the <a href="">president himself</a> and First Lady Michelle Bolsonaro.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>Industry production grows 8.9 percent, but continues 12 percent below pre-pandemic rates</h2> <p>In June, Brazilian industry production continued its gradual recovery after reaching the lowest point on record in April due to the pandemic. The general index rose by 8.9 percent compared to May — the second increase in a row — but it is still around 12 percent below February levels. The numbers were released by the <a href="">Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics</a> (IBGE).</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>78 years old</h2> <p>The Brazilian music world celebrates the 78h birthday of Caetano Veloso, one of the most iconic and talented musicians in the country&#8217;s history. Known for being one of the voices of the MPB Brazilian pop movement and part of the Tropicália cultural wave in the 1960s, he gifted the world with a series of iconic albums, such as “Caetano Veloso” (1968), “Transa” (1972), and “Outras Palavras” (1985). During the <a href="">military dictatorship</a> in Brazil, from 1964 to 1985, Caetano was persecuted and arrested. During an interview on TV channel Rede Globo, he celebrated that t<a href="">he documentary “Narciso em Férias,</a>” which recalls his political imprisonment, was selected for the 77th Venice Film Festival.&nbsp;

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Lucas Berti

Lucas Berti covers international affairs — specialized in Latin American politics and markets. He has been published by Opera Mundi, Revista VIP, and The Intercept Brasil, among others.

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