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Numbers of the week: June 27, 2020

. Jun 27, 2020
UN charter coronavirus deaths Health Ministry data, economic reopening ... Brazil's numbers this week

This is Brazil by the Numbers, a weekly digest of the most interesting figures tucked inside the latest news about Brazil. A selection of numbers that help explain what is going on in Brazil. This week’s topics: the latest Covid-19 numbers, more misinformation on a cabinet minister’s CV, Brazilians prefer domestic tourism, the UN turns 75, more bad news from the IMF, problems with foreign investment, billionaires against the pandemic, people’s opinion about the president’s intelligence and Brazilians don’t trust Covid-19 data. 

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55,961 deaths, 1,274,974 cases

The latest Covid-19 update

from the Health Ministry shows that Brazil has reached 55,961 deaths and 1,274,974 confirmed cases, cementing its place as the country with the second-highest figures in the world. As <strong>The Brazilian Report</strong> has shown, Brazil has registered more new cases than any other country and seems to have no plan to fight the pandemic. Despite those numbers, many states already intend to end their quarantine measures.&nbsp;</p> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641109" data-url="https://flo.uri.sh/visualisation/2641109/embed"><script src="https://public.flourish.studio/resources/embed.js"></script></div> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641192" data-url="https://flo.uri.sh/visualisation/2641192/embed"><script src="https://public.flourish.studio/resources/embed.js"></script></div> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>70 percent don&#8217;t trust the data</h2> <p>A poll by<a href="https://www.poder360.com.br/pesquisas/numeros-do-coronavirus-sao-subnotificados-para-356-e-exagerados-para-357/"> Paraná Pesquisas</a> shows that 70 percent of Brazilians don’t trust official Covid-19 figures — 35 percent believe the data is understated, while another 35 percent say tallies are inflated. Meanwhile, one out of 20 Brazilians believes the coronavirus is not even real. Among those with a college education or above, the belief that cases are being underreported rises to 42 percent of respondents.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>2 untruthful résumés</h2> <p>The dean of the National University of Rosario, Franco Bartolacci, tweeted that Brazil&#8217;s new Education Minister Carlos Alberto Decotelli da Silva did not obtain his Ph.D. from the institution, as Mr. Decotelli says in his résumé. This is not the first time a Bolsonaro cabinet member is caught lying on their CV. In 2019, Environment Minister Ricardo Salles lied about having a master&#8217;s degree at Yale. Mr. Salles said it was a mistake made by his press office, even though he shared the false information himself on several occasions. The fact came to light after a report by the news website The Intercept Brasil.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>61 percent want to travel domestically</h2> <p>Brazilians seem poised to favor domestic tourism over international travel once Covid-19 restrictions are lifted, according to a survey by MindMiners. Among the 500 interviewees, 61 percent indicated they would prefer to travel within Brazil before risking a trip to another country in a post-pandemic world. The survey shows that 71 percent of participants canceled or postponed at least one travel plan due to the pandemic, with 93 percent canceling one or more domestic trips and 80 percent were forced to give up on international flights.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>75 years ago</h2> <p>June 26 marks the <a href="https://brazilian.report/power/2020/06/26/brazils-role-in-the-un-before-and-after-jair-bolsonaro/">75th anniversary of the signing of the United Nations Charter</a>, which established the biggest and longest-lived experiment in global political cooperation in modern history. If Brazil was originally known for the role of diplomat Oswaldo Euclides de Sousa Aranha in leading the organization’s first assembly in 1947, which led to the subsequent creation of the State of Israel, now the country sees itself isolated due to President Jair Bolsonaro&#8217;s anti-globalist policies.&nbsp;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>Down -5.3 to -9.1 percent</h2> <p>The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has released new GDP forecasts during the week, lowering projections for Latin America and the Caribbean. According to the fund, the region’s economy should shrink by 9.4 percent — previously, projections tipped a 5.2-percent drop. Brazil and Mexico, the region’s two largest economies, are the causes for the lower forecasts. For Brazil, the IMF worsened GDP projections from -5.3 to -9.1 percent; for Mexico, it went from -6.6 to -10.5 percent.&nbsp;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2><strong>USD 2.6 billion</strong></h2> <p>Central Bank data shows that foreign direct investment (FDI) in Brazil has taken a nosedive in May 2020, falling to just USD 2.6 billion, or 69 percent less than a year ago. In the January-May stretch, the drop has been less dramatic, but still sizable: 35 percent from 2019. That continues a trend imposed by the pandemic, which made markets more risk-averse. In April, FDI amounted to only USD 234 million — or 95 percent less than the previous year, when investments from abroad reached USD 5.1 billion.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2><strong>Top 5</strong></h2> <p>Three of Brazil’s top 5 richest people according to Forbes, such as Jorge Paulo Lemann, Alberto Sucupira, and Marcel Telles, announced plans for the construction of a Covid-19 vaccine production center, in the case of tests the foundation is supporting proving to be successful. If the project moves forward, the production center would cost around USD 30 million and would be donated to the federal government.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2><strong>54 percent</strong></h2> <p>According to a survey published by newspaper Folha de S.Paulo, the majority of Brazilians do not consider President Jair Bolsonaro a smart person. The research consulted 2,016 people and found that 54 percent find him &#8220;unintelligent.&#8221; However, the other 40 percent think the leader is &#8220;very smart,&#8221; and a total of 6 percent didn&#8217;t know what to answer.

 
Lucas Berti

Lucas Berti covers international affairs—specializing Latin American politics and markets. He has been published by Opera Mundi, Revista VIP, and The Intercept Brasil, among others.

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