Numbers of the week: June 13, 2020

. Jun 13, 2020
UN charter coronavirus deaths Health Ministry data, economic reopening ... Brazil's numbers this week

This is Brazil by the Numbers, a weekly digest of the most interesting figures tucked inside the latest news about Brazil. A selection of numbers that help explain what is going on in Brazil. This week’s topics: the latest Covid-19 numbers, Brazil set to become the world leader in Covid-19 deaths, economic disaster, President Bolsonaro’s son’s suspicious cash payments, football clubs headed toward a serious financial crisis, states might need new lockdowns, Brazil is as big as a planet, unemployment skyrocketing, deforestation and new strategies for delivery companies. 

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41,828 deaths, 828,810 infections

As of writing, Brazil’s Covid-19 death toll

stands at 41,828. The country now has the second-highest number of deaths in the world — only the U.S. has recorded more. </p> <p>Brazil&#8217;s real numbers, however, are most likely much higher,&nbsp;and the government’s official data lacks credibility after a recent effort by the Health Ministry to hide totals. Traditional media outlets have banded together to create their own metric, based on state-level data.</p> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641109" data-url=""><script src=""></script></div> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641192" data-url=""><script src=""></script></div> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>137,000 deaths by the end of July</h2> <p>The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (<a href="">IHME</a>) at the University of Washington projects Brazil could surpass the U.S. to become the country with most coronavirus deaths in the world by July 29. Brazil is predicted to record 137,500 deaths — compared to the U.S.’s 137,000 — based on current trends. In terms of deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, Brazil could become the world’s leader by as early as July 12 according to the IHME model.</p> <figure class="wp-block-image size-large"><img src="" alt="Study: Brazil could lead world in coronavirus deaths by the end of July" class="wp-image-42251" srcset=" 776w, 300w, 768w, 610w" sizes="(max-width: 776px) 100vw, 776px" /><figcaption>Source: IHME, UW</figcaption></figure> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>8-percent GDP drop</h2> <p>Battered by Covid-19, the <a href="">Brazilian GDP is expected to plunge</a> by 8 percent in 2020 — the <a href="">second-worst drop</a> in the world — according to the World Bank. The institution now expects the global economy to fall 5.2 percent this year, in what would be the worst global recession in eight decades. Brazil’s predicted slump is second only to the Eurozone, whose economy is expected to plunge by 9.1-percent.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>BRL 31,000 in cash</h2> <p>Senator Flávio Bolsonaro and Rio de Janeiro City Councilor Carlos Bolsonaro — President Jair Bolsonaro&#8217;s two eldest sons — <a href="">paid a BRL 31,000 debt in cash</a>. They lost the money in 2009 in a bad investment. This happens while the cloud of an investigation into suspicious cash transactions made by Fabricio Queiroz, his former advisor and driver, hangs over Senator Flávio’s head.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>BRL 100 million to football clubs</h2> <p>After the Covid-19 pandemic brought an abrupt stop to the season in Brazil’s football leagues, several clubs are facing financial ruin as their revenue streams dry up. In response to desperate pleas from the boards of the country’s top sides, the<a href=""> Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF</a>) has announced that it will grant BRL 5 million interest-free loans to each of the 20 clubs in the top division — a combined total of BRL 100 million.</p> <h2>7 states might need new lockdown soon</h2> <p>Brazil’s biggest urban centers are starting to <a href="">reopen their economies</a> — without ever truly having shut down. But <a href="">research</a> from consulting firm Bain &amp; Company shows that at least seven Brazilian states face a great risk of needing a full-scale lockdown in the near future. States in the North and Northeast regions of the country — where Covid-19 is spreading at a faster rate —are among the most vulnerable to the pandemic and will likely need lockdown measures to reduce the curve.</p> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-map" data-src="visualisation/2797132" data-url=""><script src=""></script></div> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>2,376 kilometers from east to west</h2> <p>“Brazil is the size of a planet&#8221; is no longer an absurd statement According to NASA, mission scientists have found Pluto to be 1,476 miles (2,376 kilometers) in diameter, making it around the same size as Brazil. Images acquired via the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were used to map the planet. Many of Brazil’s states are larger than some major countries. France and Spain, for example, two of the largest countries in Europe, are roughly the size of neighboring states Bahia and Minas Gerais, respectively.</p> <div align="center"> <blockquote class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned data-instgrm-permalink=";utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12" style=" background:#FFF; border:0; border-radius:3px; box-shadow:0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width:540px; min-width:326px; padding:0; width:99.375%; width:-webkit-calc(100% - 2px); width:calc(100% - 2px);"><div style="padding:16px;"> <a href=";utm_campaign=loading" style=" background:#FFFFFF; line-height:0; padding:0 0; text-align:center; text-decoration:none; width:100%;" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> <div style=" display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div></div></div><div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display:block; height:50px; margin:0 auto 12px; width:50px;"><svg width="50px" height="50px" viewBox="0 0 60 60" version="1.1" xmlns="" xmlns:xlink=""><g stroke="none" stroke-width="1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g transform="translate(-511.000000, -20.000000)" fill="#000000"><g><path d="M556.869,30.41 C554.814,30.41 553.148,32.076 553.148,34.131 C553.148,36.186 554.814,37.852 556.869,37.852 C558.924,37.852 560.59,36.186 560.59,34.131 C560.59,32.076 558.924,30.41 556.869,30.41 M541,60.657 C535.114,60.657 530.342,55.887 530.342,50 C530.342,44.114 535.114,39.342 541,39.342 C546.887,39.342 551.658,44.114 551.658,50 C551.658,55.887 546.887,60.657 541,60.657 M541,33.886 C532.1,33.886 524.886,41.1 524.886,50 C524.886,58.899 532.1,66.113 541,66.113 C549.9,66.113 557.115,58.899 557.115,50 C557.115,41.1 549.9,33.886 541,33.886 M565.378,62.101 C565.244,65.022 564.756,66.606 564.346,67.663 C563.803,69.06 563.154,70.057 562.106,71.106 C561.058,72.155 560.06,72.803 558.662,73.347 C557.607,73.757 556.021,74.244 553.102,74.378 C549.944,74.521 548.997,74.552 541,74.552 C533.003,74.552 532.056,74.521 528.898,74.378 C525.979,74.244 524.393,73.757 523.338,73.347 C521.94,72.803 520.942,72.155 519.894,71.106 C518.846,70.057 518.197,69.06 517.654,67.663 C517.244,66.606 516.755,65.022 516.623,62.101 C516.479,58.943 516.448,57.996 516.448,50 C516.448,42.003 516.479,41.056 516.623,37.899 C516.755,34.978 517.244,33.391 517.654,32.338 C518.197,30.938 518.846,29.942 519.894,28.894 C520.942,27.846 521.94,27.196 523.338,26.654 C524.393,26.244 525.979,25.756 528.898,25.623 C532.057,25.479 533.004,25.448 541,25.448 C548.997,25.448 549.943,25.479 553.102,25.623 C556.021,25.756 557.607,26.244 558.662,26.654 C560.06,27.196 561.058,27.846 562.106,28.894 C563.154,29.942 563.803,30.938 564.346,32.338 C564.756,33.391 565.244,34.978 565.378,37.899 C565.522,41.056 565.552,42.003 565.552,50 C565.552,57.996 565.522,58.943 565.378,62.101 M570.82,37.631 C570.674,34.438 570.167,32.258 569.425,30.349 C568.659,28.377 567.633,26.702 565.965,25.035 C564.297,23.368 562.623,22.342 560.652,21.575 C558.743,20.834 556.562,20.326 553.369,20.18 C550.169,20.033 549.148,20 541,20 C532.853,20 531.831,20.033 528.631,20.18 C525.438,20.326 523.257,20.834 521.349,21.575 C519.376,22.342 517.703,23.368 516.035,25.035 C514.368,26.702 513.342,28.377 512.574,30.349 C511.834,32.258 511.326,34.438 511.181,37.631 C511.035,40.831 511,41.851 511,50 C511,58.147 511.035,59.17 511.181,62.369 C511.326,65.562 511.834,67.743 512.574,69.651 C513.342,71.625 514.368,73.296 516.035,74.965 C517.703,76.634 519.376,77.658 521.349,78.425 C523.257,79.167 525.438,79.673 528.631,79.82 C531.831,79.965 532.853,80.001 541,80.001 C549.148,80.001 550.169,79.965 553.369,79.82 C556.562,79.673 558.743,79.167 560.652,78.425 C562.623,77.658 564.297,76.634 565.965,74.965 C567.633,73.296 568.659,71.625 569.425,69.651 C570.167,67.743 570.674,65.562 570.82,62.369 C570.966,59.17 571,58.147 571,50 C571,41.851 570.966,40.831 570.82,37.631"></path></g></g></g></svg></div><div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style=" color:#3897f0; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:550; line-height:18px;"> View this post on Instagram</div></div><div style="padding: 12.5% 0;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; margin-bottom: 14px; align-items: center;"><div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(0px) translateY(7px);"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; height: 12.5px; transform: rotate(-45deg) translateX(3px) translateY(1px); width: 12.5px; flex-grow: 0; margin-right: 14px; margin-left: 2px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; height: 12.5px; width: 12.5px; transform: translateX(9px) translateY(-18px);"></div></div><div style="margin-left: 8px;"> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 20px; width: 20px;"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 2px solid transparent; border-left: 6px solid #f4f4f4; border-bottom: 2px solid transparent; transform: translateX(16px) translateY(-4px) rotate(30deg)"></div></div><div style="margin-left: auto;"> <div style=" width: 0px; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-right: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(16px);"></div> <div style=" background-color: #F4F4F4; flex-grow: 0; height: 12px; width: 16px; transform: translateY(-4px);"></div> <div style=" width: 0; height: 0; border-top: 8px solid #F4F4F4; border-left: 8px solid transparent; transform: translateY(-4px) translateX(8px);"></div></div></div></a> <p style=" margin:8px 0 0 0; padding:0 4px;"> <a href=";utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#000; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px; text-decoration:none; word-wrap:break-word;" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">&#34;Brazil is the size of a planet&#34; is not absurd to say. Well, if you consider Pluto a planet (ok, a dwarf planet) ⠀ According to NASA, mission scientists have found Pluto to be 1,476 miles (2,376 kilometers) in diameter, somewhat larger than many prior estimates. Images acquired with the Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were used to make this determination. This result confirms what was already suspected: Pluto is larger than all other known solar system objects beyond the orbit of Neptune. ⠀ We at The Brazilian Report do not tire of saying that Brazil is the size of a continent. So why not compare it to a (controversial/aspirant) planet? ⠀ Let&#39;s remember that all the countries of the European Union could fit inside Brazil’s borders twice over. Combined, Brazil’s 27 states are bigger than the contiguous United States. ⠀ By themselves, Brazil’s states are larger than some major countries. France and Spain, for example, two of the largest countries in Europe, are roughly the size of neighboring states Bahia and Minas Gerais, respectively. Portugal, the former colonial rulers of the country, could fit its entire land area inside the northeastern state of Pernambuco. ⠀ The United Kingdom? Well, it fits inside the state of São Paulo, which is only Brazil’s 12th largest state. ⠀ Once again: yeah, we know. Brazil is big. ⠀ #pluto #brazil #charts #brazilianreport #maps #insta</a></p> <p style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px; margin-bottom:0; margin-top:8px; overflow:hidden; padding:8px 0 7px; text-align:center; text-overflow:ellipsis; white-space:nowrap;">A post shared by <a href=";utm_campaign=loading" style=" color:#c9c8cd; font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; font-style:normal; font-weight:normal; line-height:17px;" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> The Brazilian Report</a> (@brazilianreport) on <time style=" font-family:Arial,sans-serif; font-size:14px; line-height:17px;" datetime="2020-06-01T15:50:55+00:00">Jun 1, 2020 at 8:50am PDT</time></p></div></blockquote> <script async src="//"></script> </div> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>960,258 jobless claims</h2> <p>Brazilians workers filed <a href="">960,258 new unemployment</a> benefit claims in May — an all-time record, and a 28-percent bump from April. Since the beginning of the year, the Economy Ministry has received nearly 3.3 million unemployment claims, 12.4 percent more than the same period last year.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>1.11  million acres</h2> <p>Amid an increase in <a href="">deforestation in the Amazon this year</a>, compared to the first quarter of 2019, the Amazonian Institute of Environmental Research (Ipam) has warned of a bump in respiratory disease cases as a result of the ongoing burning of deforested areas. According to Ipam, there are currently 1.11 million acres of deforested land “ready to be burned” as of the end of June, in what is known as the Amazon “fire season,” when loggers burn large deforested areas to clear land for agriculture and cattle grazing.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>Up to 10 kilos</h2> <p>Taxi app 99, followed Uber and Cabify and launched a new delivery mode called 99Entrega. Now, 99’s drivers will be able to transport packages of up to 10 kg, valued at BRL 500. As part of social distancing, passengers will pack the packages into the car’s trunk themselves and drivers must wear masks. The 99Entrega service is currently only operating in the city of Goiânia, but is expected to reach São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte later this year. <a href="">Read more</a>.

Lucas Berti

Lucas Berti covers international affairs—specializing Latin American politics and markets. He has been published by Opera Mundi, Revista VIP, and The Intercept Brasil, among others.

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