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Numbers of the week: June 6, 2020

. Jun 06, 2020
UN charter coronavirus deaths Health Ministry data, economic reopening ... Brazil's numbers this week

This is Brazil by the Numbers, a weekly digest of the most interesting figures tucked inside the latest news about Brazil. A selection of numbers that help explain what is going on in Brazil. This week’s topics: the Covid-19 curve, a new shocking record for the Brazilian Health Ministry, São Paulo’s subway is busy again, racism in the Brazilian police, military taking the control during the pandemic, another state governor testing positive for Covid-19, a new diplomatic defeat to Jair Bolsonaro, the names of those who received the emergency salary.

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35,701 deaths, 646,950 cases

Brazil’s coronavirus

infections reached 646,950, and deaths amount to 35,701 — the third-highest death toll in the world. The real figures, however, are much higher, due to massive underreporting and the government&#8217;s lack of transparency with the data. The Health Ministry is not only pushing <a href="http://covid.saude.gov.br/">updates</a> until <em>after</em> nightly TV newscasts are have finished, but is also no longer publishing aggregate death tolls. Moreover, the government&#8217;s online Covid-19 portal has been down since Friday, with officials blaming a &#8220;technical issue,&#8221; without getting into specifics.</p> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641109" data-url="https://flo.uri.sh/visualisation/2641109/embed"><script src="https://public.flourish.studio/resources/embed.js"></script></div> <div class="flourish-embed flourish-chart" data-src="visualisation/2641192" data-url="https://flo.uri.sh/visualisation/2641192/embed"><script src="https://public.flourish.studio/resources/embed.js"></script></div> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>1 million extra commuters</h2> <p>São Paulo, Brazil’s richest and most populous city, began its gradual return to work during the week following over two months of quarantine. On Thursday, over 3 million people were recorded using the city’s public transport system, down from the pre-pandemic average of 10 million commuters per day. However, this marks a 50-percent increase from the start of the week, when “only” 2 million people used public transport.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>8 governors test positive for Covid-19</h2> <p>Mato Grosso Governor Mauro Mendes became the eighth Brazilian governor to test positive for Covid-19. With 2,848 cases and 76 deaths, Mato Grosso health authorities have reported one of the lowest Covid-19 rates in the country. The governor, however, took the opportunity to encourage his citizens to &#8220;adopt hygiene and social isolation measures.&#8221; State governors of Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Pernambuco, Roraima, Ceará, Pará, and Alagoas have also been infected. </p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>17 times more deaths</h2> <p>Black Lives Matter protests have been seen throughout the U.S. — and all over the world — after the killing of George Floyd, a 46-year-old black man, at the hands of the Minneapolis police. In Brazil, however, law enforcement kills 17 times more people than American cops. In the U.S., the police killed 1,099 people last year, 24 percent of whom were black. In Brazil, there were 5,804 police killings over the same period — and three out of four victims were black or multiracial.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>24 members of U.S. Congress say &#8220;no&#8221; to Brazil</h2> <p>Twenty four members of the U.S. Congressional Committee on Ways and Means (all belonging to the Democratic Party) voiced their “strong objections” to any talks of a trade agreement with Brazil. In a <a href="https://brazilian.report/power/2020/06/05/us-house-committee-wants-no-business-with-bolsonaro/">letter addressed</a> to U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, the members of Congress said it is “inappropriate for the administration to engage in economic partnership discussions of any scope with a Brazilian leader who disregards the rule of law and is actively dismantling hard-fought progress on civil, human, environmental, and labor rights.”</p> <p>A close relationship with the U.S. was the key element in Jair Bolsonaro&#8217;s foreign policy.</p> <hr class="wp-block-separator"/> <h2>54 million citizens exposed</h2> <p>The Comptroller General’s Office, in partnership with the Citizenship Ministry, released the name of 53.9 million Brazilians who have received the BRL 600 emergency salary. By accessing the government’s transparency portal, people can look up other people’s information based on their full names or social security numbers. The amounts received by each beneficiary were also made public. The government is expecting citizens to use the portal to denounce fraud and other inadequacies.

 
Lucas Berti

Lucas Berti covers international affairs—specializing Latin American politics and markets. He has been published by Opera Mundi, Revista VIP, and The Intercept Brasil, among others.

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