In 2015, a drug decriminalization bill reached the Supreme Court. However, after a meeting with the vehemently anti-drugs President Jair Bolsonaro, Chief Justice Dias Toffoli decided to shelve the program.
Meanwhile, the Senate has approved supplementary law 37, which tightens up drug legislation and develops treatment centers, strengthening programs for voluntary treatment. The bill has yet to be sanctioned by Mr. Bolsonaro. In May, the president approved a decree that establishes abstinence as the only treatment of drug addiction. Moreover, Brazil is one of the only South American countries that doesn’t differentiate drug users from drug traffickers in the eyes of the law.