As today is World Environment Day, The Brazilian Report is republishing a study by the Amazonian Georeferenced Socio-Environmental Information Network (RAISG), mapping the pressures and threats faced by the Amazon region. This is the second part of the series, focusing on extractive industries. The other parts, covering transport infrastructure and deforestation, can be found here and here.
Extractive industries have been a feature of the Pan-Amazonia region for several decades. Among these ventures are some of the largest open-cast mines on the planet and long distance pipelines to move oil out of the heart of the forest. These projects have generated unresolved environmental liabilities.
In its recent analysis of pressures and threats in the Amazonia, RAISG shows that, in terms of area, the extractive industries of mining and oil are those with the greatest weight. Together, these two sectors have blocks of land set aside for exploration and exploitation equivalent to 208 million hectares, representing 24.5 percent of the entire Pan-Amazonia, which has a total area calculated to be 847 million hectares.