Many ultra-right “intellectuals” have recently stated that the 1964 military coup was a response of the Armed Forces to a popular revolt against an unpopular leader who was driving the country into chaos. That wasn’t remotely the case, though. Polls of the time, which were archived for over 40 years, show that Mr. Goulart’s moves as head of state were backed by 70 percent of Brazilians. If the 1965 election had taken place, 51 percent of voters would give him another term.

But Mr. Goulart lacked support among the business class and the press. According to Luiz Antonio Dias, a history professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP) a movement in support of the coup involved all major news outlets of the time, including Folha de S.Paulo, O Estado de S.Paulo, O Globo and Jornal do Brasil.

</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;It was commonplace to connect the government—whether in editorials or articles—to the communists. I don&#8217;t recall any direct statement calling President Goulart a communist, however, his initiatives [were called] communist-like,&#8221; he says. &#8220;</span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Folha </span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">and </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Estado</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;"> also showed deep concerns for a possible coup being plotted by Mr. Goulart and his supporters, to keep him in power.&#8221; The professor recalls that newspaper </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">A Última Hora</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">, which supported the government, was boycotted by advertisers, went bankrupt and was taken over by </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">Folha de S.Paulo</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> <p><iframe width="100%" height="300" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" allow="autoplay" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/529707165&#038;color=%23ff5500&#038;auto_play=false&#038;hide_related=false&#038;show_comments=true&#038;show_user=true&#038;show_reposts=false&#038;show_teaser=true&#038;visual=true"></iframe></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Here&#8217;s <a href="https://brazilian.report/opinion/2017/11/15/brazils-press-republic-day/">how the press covered</a> the 1964 coup. </span><span style="font-weight: 400;">Many of these newspapers would <a href="http://memoria.oglobo.globo.com/erros-e-acusacoes-falsas/apoio-ao-golpe-de-64-foi-um-erro-12695226">regret that choice</a> years later.</span></p> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>A Noite</i> (Rio)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;The people and the government overcome upheaval&#8221;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Supportive of Mr. Goulart, the newspaper was betting on his triumph. The president, however, offered no resistance to the coup.</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15275 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-a-noite-1-de-abril-de-1964.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="396" height="593" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-a-noite-1-de-abril-de-1964.png 396w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-a-noite-1-de-abril-de-1964-200x300.png 200w" sizes="(max-width: 396px) 100vw, 396px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Correio da Manhã</i> (Rio)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;States already rebelling against JG&#8221; [João Goulart]</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The frontpage editorial, asking for Mr. Goulart&#8217;s removal, is entitled &#8220;Out!&#8221;</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15276 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-correio.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="342" height="542" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-correio.png 342w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-correio-189x300.png 189w" sizes="(max-width: 342px) 100vw, 342px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Diário Carioca</i> (Rio)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Army troops march to suffocate rebellion in Minas Gerais&#8221;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The newspaper defended the respect for the Constitution.</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15274 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-diario-carioca-5.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="406" height="540" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-diario-carioca-5.png 406w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-diario-carioca-5-226x300.png 226w" sizes="(max-width: 406px) 100vw, 406px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Diário da Noite</i> (São Paulo)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Ranieri Mazzilli is the president&#8221;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Then-Speaker Ranieri Mazzilli took over as interim president for two weeks, until Congress indirectly elected Field Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castello Branco as President. The newspaper treated the military coup as legal.</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15273 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-diario-da-noite-5.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="351" height="544" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-diario-da-noite-5.png 351w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000-diario-da-noite-5-194x300.png 194w" sizes="(max-width: 351px) 100vw, 351px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Diário de Notícias</i> (Rio)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Navy deposes Goulart&#8221;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Ibrahim Sued (a celebrities&#8217; columnist) wrote: &#8220;It&#8217;s the end of communism in Brazil.&#8221;</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15272 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000000-diario-de-noticias-6.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="342" height="474" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000000-diario-de-noticias-6.png 342w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/000000-diario-de-noticias-6-216x300.png 216w" sizes="(max-width: 342px) 100vw, 342px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Diário de Pernambuco</i> (Recife)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Jango [Mr. Goulart&#8217;s nickname] leaves Brasília for Porto Alegre or abroad: Mazzilli takes office&#8221;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The cover also has a photo of then-Governor of Pernambuco Miguel Arraes in the back of a Volkswagen beetle, being arrested and impeached.</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15271 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/c2.jpg" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="427" height="336" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/c2.jpg 427w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/c2-300x236.jpg 300w" sizes="(max-width: 427px) 100vw, 427px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Diário de Piracicaba</i> (São Paulo state)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Ceased military operations: calm reigns once again in the country&#8221;</span></p> <p><img class="aligncenter wp-image-15270 size-medium" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/36_01112012-225x300.jpg" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="225" height="300" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/36_01112012-225x300.jpg 225w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/36_01112012-768x1024.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/36_01112012-610x813.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/36_01112012.jpg 1200w" sizes="(max-width: 225px) 100vw, 225px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Fatos &amp; Fotos (Brasília)</i></h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Great Rebellion</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;">The cover features Carlos Lacerda, a media mogul who served at the time as Governor of Guanabara (the district of Rio de Janeiro). Mr. Lacerda was a fervent supporter of the military coup —but regretted his decision years later, after realizing the Armed Forces had no intention to leave power soon.</p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15269 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/04-04-64-Fatos-Fotos-Capa.jpg" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="429" height="590" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/04-04-64-Fatos-Fotos-Capa.jpg 429w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/04-04-64-Fatos-Fotos-Capa-218x300.jpg 218w" sizes="(max-width: 429px) 100vw, 429px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b><i>Folha de S.Paulo</i></b><b> (São Paulo)</b></h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Congress declares the presidency vacant: Mazzilli takes over&#8221;</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15268 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-folha-2-de-abril-de-1964.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="317" height="455" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-folha-2-de-abril-de-1964.png 317w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-folha-2-de-abril-de-1964-209x300.png 209w" sizes="(max-width: 317px) 100vw, 317px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><i>Jornal do Brasil</i> (Rio)</h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;São Paulo [troops] adheres to Minas [Gerais troops] and announces march to Rio against Goulart&#8221; </span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15267 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-jornal-do-brasil-1-de-abril-de-1964.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="360" height="504" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-jornal-do-brasil-1-de-abril-de-1964.png 360w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-jornal-do-brasil-1-de-abril-de-1964-214x300.png 214w" sizes="(max-width: 360px) 100vw, 360px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b><i>O Cruzeiro</i></b><b> (Rio)—extra issue</b></h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Historical Issue of the Revolution&#8221;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;">Once again, Carlos Lacerda is featured on the cover.</p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15266 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/12-05-29_urariano-mota_ivan-ivanovitch-em-abril-de-1964.jpg" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="500" height="355" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/12-05-29_urariano-mota_ivan-ivanovitch-em-abril-de-1964.jpg 500w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/12-05-29_urariano-mota_ivan-ivanovitch-em-abril-de-1964-300x213.jpg 300w" sizes="(max-width: 500px) 100vw, 500px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b><i>O Dia</i></b><b> (Rio)</b></h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Fabulous demonstration of repulse for communism&#8221; </span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15265 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-o-dia-3-de-abril-de-1964.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="510" height="788" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-o-dia-3-de-abril-de-1964.png 510w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-o-dia-3-de-abril-de-1964-194x300.png 194w" sizes="(max-width: 510px) 100vw, 510px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b><i>O Estado de S.Paulo</i></b><b> (São Paulo)</b></h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">&#8220;Democratic movement triumphs&#8221; </span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15264 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/19640402-27283-nac-0038-999-38-not.jpg" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="440" height="646" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/19640402-27283-nac-0038-999-38-not.jpg 440w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/19640402-27283-nac-0038-999-38-not-204x300.jpg 204w" sizes="(max-width: 440px) 100vw, 440px" /></p> <hr /> <h2 style="text-align: center;"><b><i>O Globo</i></b><b> (Rio)</b></h2> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Goulart flees and democracy is being re-established: Mazzilli takes office as president</span></p> <p><img class="size-full wp-image-15263 aligncenter" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-o-globo-2-de-abril-de-1964.png" alt="How the Brazilian press covered the 1964 military coup" width="330" height="489" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-o-globo-2-de-abril-de-1964.png 330w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/press-o-globo-2-de-abril-de-1964-202x300.png 202w" sizes="(max-width: 330px) 100vw, 330px" /></p> <p>

Read the full story NOW!

SocietyMar 31, 2019

Tags: - - -

BY The Brazilian Report

We are an in-depth content platform about Brazil, made by Brazilians and destined to foreign audiences.