Society

Nanobubbles could save a dead river in São Paulo

Nanobubbles could save a dead river in São Paulo
The Pinheiros River, in São Paulo

In 1992, then-São Paulo governor Luiz Fleury made a promise. He said that by the year 2005 he would drink water from the Tietê river, a polluted stream that tears through the city of São Paulo. More than three decades have passed and having clean rivers in the largest city in Brazil is still a pipe dream—one that has cost more than USD 2.7 billion, with very little effect.

The Pinheiros river is an affluent to the Tietê and suffers from the same sanitation problems. Untreated sewage from