Jair Bolsonaro: 30 days later

. Jan 31, 2019
jair bolsonaro 30 days later

Jair Bolsonaro was elected president in October 2018 with the promise of shattering Brazil’s corrupt political system. He also promised to “refound” Brazil’s economy through radical austerity reforms. But, as agents of change usually do, Mr. Bolsonaro has struggled to transition from his campaign persona to the role of leading Latin America’s largest economy. While on the campaign trail, Mr. Bolsonaro respected few boundaries—even promising to arrest or “machine gun” his opponents. But he has learned the hard way that now, his words (or lack thereof) bare consequences—often unintended ones.

His first month in office was marked by controversy, backpedals, and quarrels that give the feeling that oftentimes, the government lacks clear guidance. Moreover, the administration has found itself weakened by a corruption scandal involving the president’s eldest son Flávio—which has even led to conversations about the possibility of the tide reaching the doorstep of the presidential palace. Meanwhile, vice-president Hamilton Mourão is presenting himself as a sort of moderate alternative—ready in waiting, just in case—which has created rifts within the administration.

</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The president&#8217;s first month in office was also a rather eventful one. Between the </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Brumadinho dam collapse</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, the mounting pressure against Venezuela&#8217;s authoritarian president Nicolás Maduro, his surgery to remove a colostomy bag, and </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">his son&#8217;s problems</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, we can&#8217;t say that January has been a quiet month for the Bolsonaro administration.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">But, Mr. Bolsonaro has little to show for it. Besides a decree mildly loosening gun ownership laws, he hasn&#8217;t done much so far. All in all, the president has a collection of episodes that laid bare the government&#8217;s weak spots and limitations.</span></p> <h2>A president&#8217;s word has consequences</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">As a candidate, Mr. Bolsonaro was not one for self-restraint. But, once elected, his words began to bear a whole different weight. Even before taking office, for instance, his virulent Twitter machine made Cuba drop out of the </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">More Doctors Program</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">—created to help Brazil&#8217;s medical blindspots. Mr. Bolsonaro&#8217;s compared the program to a modern form of slavery—as the Cuban government gets the lion&#8217;s share of the doctors&#8217; paychecks and doesn&#8217;t allow them to bring their families with them. It&#8217;s not an absurd comparison, but Cuba&#8217;s move has left millions without sufficient care, and the government has struggled to find professionals to fill in for the Cubans in remote areas.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">On January 4, Mr. Bolsonaro sent shockwaves through the markets when he said he could review the</span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;"> merger deal between Brazilian planemaker Embraer and America&#8217;s Boeing</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. His declaration caused Embraer stock to crash by 5 percent in one afternoon. In the end, it was for nothing, as Mr. Bolsonaro endorsed the same deal the following week.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Another blunder of the new president was his remarks about relocating the Brazilian embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The statement angered Arab-majority countries — as one would expect — threatening </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Brazil&#8217;s halal meat exports</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> to the Middle East. Recently, Saudi Arabia banned products from 33 Brazilian poultry plants and, while the move has other motivations — such as sanitary issues and the Saudis wish to rely less on Brazil — Mr. Bolsonaro&#8217;s words certainly didn&#8217;t help the country&#8217;s case.</span></p> <p><a href=""><img class="size-full wp-image-13731 aligncenter" src="" alt="Brazil on the record" width="640" height="280" srcset=" 640w, 300w, 610w" sizes="(max-width: 640px) 100vw, 640px" /></a></p> <h2>Rogue cabinet members</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Disastrous statements weren&#8217;t a trait exclusive to the head of the government. His </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">underlings</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> also committed a series of gaffes. Minister of Human Rights Damares Alves made headlines with videos of her saying that &#8220;girls should wear pink and boys wear blue;&#8221; or stating that evangelicals were wrong in &#8220;letting&#8221; the theory of evolution gain ground in the public education system, to the detriment of creationism.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Ms. Alves is once again in the spotlight and for all the wrong reasons. A weekly magazine has accused her of abducting a child from an indigenous village 15 years ago. Lulu Kamayurá, who is today treated as Ms. Alves&#8217; adopted daughter, was reportedly taken from her family at around 6 years of age. The minister claims she saved the child from being </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">sacrificed</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Meanwhile, Minister of Education </span><a href=""><span style="font-weight: 400;">Ricardo Vélez-Rodríguez</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> has attacked journalists, calling them former Soviet recruits. Like Ms. Alves, Mr. Vélez-Rodríguez has been adamantly opposed to so-called &#8220;gender ideology,&#8221; a dog whistle for LGBTQ-fobia used by Brazil&#8217;s far right.</span></p> <div id="attachment_13702" style="width: 850px" class="wp-caption alignnone"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-13702" class="size-full wp-image-13702" src="" alt="damares bolsonaro" width="840" height="472" srcset=" 840w, 300w, 768w, 610w" sizes="(max-width: 840px) 100vw, 840px" /><p id="caption-attachment-13702" class="wp-caption-text">President Bolsonaro and Minister Damares Alves</p></div> <h2>One step forward, one step back</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Time and time again, the administration has found itself forced to backpedal on many positions. One instance was when Mr. Bolsonaro declared he had signed a decree increasing taxes on international transactions. Minutes later, Chief of Staff Onyx Lorenzoni said his boss had made a mistake — and that no tax raise was going to be implemented.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The same happened when, during an interview, Mr. Bolsonaro defended the construction of a U.S. military base on Brazilian soil. This is actually one of the few (if not the only) topics upon which the military and the left agree: both camps believe that an American base would be a threat to national sovereignty. Once again, the government called back the president&#8217;s words.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">On January 2, the Ministry of Education issued an order to allow schools to purchase textbooks containing advertising and grammatical and factual errors. It also excluded the obligation of bibliographical references to substantiate the content of the books. In addition, content to combat violence against women and promoting the </span><i><span style="font-weight: 400;">quilombola</span></i><span style="font-weight: 400;"> culture (traditional communities descending from slaves) had been scrapped. A week later, the ministry revised its decision.</span></p> <h2>Corruption</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Mr. Bolsonaro&#8217;s election has a lot to do with his <a href="">social media charisma</a> — but it was more due to the rejection of the Workers&#8217; Party, which dominated national politics for 14 years. The center-left party led administrations riddled by corruption scandals which tarnished its legacy. But even so, it took more than a year before former President Lula had to deal with scandal. For Mr. Bolsonaro, the proverbial fan was already covered in dirt even before he took office.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">His son Flávio, a Senator-elect, is suspected of money laundering and is believed to have ties with urban militia groups. The deeper the investigation goes, the more Flávio Bolsonaro seems implicated — even if he has yet to be formally placed under investigation. And that weakens his father&#8217;s administration.</span></p> <h2>Now, the real challenge begins</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">While his first month has been a forgetful one, there is still plenty of time for him to bounce back. The administration has two choices ahead: correct the mistakes and right the ship; or ignore the red flags and double down on its positions. So far, it seems that the second option is the preferred one. For example: when the government signed an order allowing any politically-nominated official to classify public documents as ultra-secret, VP Mourão minimized the impacts on transparency, saying that sealed documents are a rare occurrence. It&#8217;s true, but that has been the case precisely because very few people can place the &#8216;top secret&#8217; tag on them.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Mr. Bolsonaro&#8217;s second month will mark the beginning of his <a href="">relationship with Congress</a> — as the new legislature begins on February 1. It will be the president&#8217;s baptism of fire to test if he has what it takes to lead the country.

Raphael Tsavkko Garcia

Journalist and researcher at the Ph.D. program in Human Rights of University of Deusto, Spain.

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