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Brazil’s House has approved the Unified Public Safety System. Find out more

. Apr 12, 2018
unified public safety system Unified Public Safety System still needs the Senate's approval.
unified public safety system

Unified Public Safety System still needs the Senate’s approval.

One of the main problems in Brazil’s law enforcement is a lack of integration between police forces and the several agencies that should be fighting crime. Instead of cooperating with one another, these agencies frequently don’t see eye-to-eye – they omit information and don’t cooperate with one another.

The House has now decided to force these agencies into cooperating. At least, that’s the core of a new bill approved by congressmen, called the Unified Public Safety System (SUSP). The project was boycotted by left-wing parties, which deemed the initiative as excessive and futile.

</p> <p>Opposition congressmen tried to prevent the sitting from reaching its minimum quorum, thus postponing the vote. But they <a href="https://g1.globo.com/politica/noticia/camara-aprova-texto-base-de-projeto-que-cria-o-sistema-unico-de-seguranca-publica.ghtml">failed</a> miserably, as the bill passed with the support of 367 congressmen – and only one ‘nay’ vote.</p> <p>Indeed, the timing of the creation of SUSP is quite convenient. In election years, Congress always tries to approve “tough-on-crime” legislation in order to show voters that members of parliament are doing something to attack the real issues.</p> <p>Also raising eyebrows is the fact that the bill is sponsored by Congressman Alberto Fraga, from Brasília. In the past, Fraga (a former military police colonel) has been accused of taking part in <a href="https://brazilian.report/2018/01/19/police-brutality-brazil-human-rights/">death squads</a> (however, none of the allegations have been substantiated).</p> <p>The bill now heads off to the Senate. If senators change any aspect of it, the House will have to revisit the issue before publishing. Here, we’re breaking down the details of SUSP:</p> <h3>Integration</h3> <p><em><strong>Teamwork:</strong></em> the project forces all law enforcement agencies to work together. That goes for the <a href="https://brazilian.report/2018/02/28/brazils-federal-police-chief-gets-sacked/">Federal Police</a>, Federal Road Police, military and civil police Forces, firefighters, penitentiary guards, and forensic analysts.</p> <p><strong><em>Duties:</em></strong> the text states that agents “must respect the limits of their legal rights.” Nevertheless, it allows some flexibility for those who need to perform services normally executed by other forces, at least in special cases.</p> <p><strong><em>Attributing tasks:</em></strong> anti-drug operations will be solely run by the Federal Police, and road patrols by the Federal Road Police, for example.</p> <h3>Sharing information</h3> <p><strong><em>Exchange and planning:</em></strong> SUSP stipulates that law enforcement agencies must share their information with other colleagues.</p> <p><strong><em>Integration:</em></strong> The bill allows police forces to act without backup.</p> <p><strong><em>Registering crime:</em></strong> crime logs will be nationally uniformed, to give the process a higher degree of rationality.</p> <h3>Goals</h3> <p><strong><em>Excellence:</em> </strong>the Ministry of Public Safety will establish annual goals to examine the success of implemented policies.</p> <p><strong><em>Analysis:</em></strong> the government will have to periodically monitor the results of its operations.</p> <h3>Resources</h3> <p><strong><em>Regulation:</em></strong> all forces will receive a set of rules to be followed.</p> <p><strong><em>Councils:</em></strong> decision making will be the responsibility of small councils of agents.</p> <p><strong><em>Money, money:</em></strong> states will have two years to implement policies created by a National Public Safety <a href="https://brazilian.report/2018/01/31/michel-temer-national-security-plan/">Plan</a>.

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