Hello and welcome to The Brazilian Report Tech Round Up. This week, our main story is about the recent tests with 5G technology in Brazil. We also discuss the use of nanotechnology by University of São Paulo scientists to mitigate the side effects of chemotherapy; a São Paulo exhibit mixing virtual reality with music and art; and the ever going feud between tech giants and Brazil’s justice system.

Has the 5G revolution reached Brazil yet?

5G technology, the fifth generation of mobile internet connectivity, promises to be the next major revolution in the world. It will allow for much faster download and upload speeds, more stable connections, and exponentially wider coverage. It could be the turning point for the massification of the Internet of Things.

</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The first tests are being made in Brazil, in the southern city of Florianópolis—headed by </span><a href="https://brazilian.report/money/2019/06/27/huawei-controls-telecom-infrastructure-brazil/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Chinese behemoth Huawei</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, TIM Brasil, and the Certi Foundation. The 5G antenna was inaugurated on May 17—but the technology should only be made available to the public in 2021. This week, a demonstration was staged, showing download speeds around 10 times faster than 4G.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">However, according to journalist Rodrigo Trindade, who was at the demonstration, &#8220;it failed to impress.&#8221; Mr. Trindade pointed out that only two mobile phones were connected to the network—a far cry from the millions of devices covered in big urban centers.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The government promises to auction the 5G spectrum next year—but that will not be an easy ordeal. Twenty-one percent of Brazilian towns still </span><a href="https://brazilian.report/money/2019/02/28/brazil-5g-auction-2020/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">do not have access to 4G services</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">, although the coverage has been growing in the past few years. It will take an estimated BRL 16 billion of investments over the next decade to get Brazil up to speed.  </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Leonardo Morais, president of Brazil&#8217;s National Telecommunications Agency, recently explained the government&#8217;s dilemma: competition or efficiency. By fractioning out the 5G spectrum, more companies could explore the technology—but would only be able to provide a limited service. A more concentrated market could allow operators to fully utilize what 5G offers.</span></p> <hr /> <h2>Nanotechnology potentially reducing chemotherapy side effects</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">A four-year study at the University of São Paulo (USP) in São Carlos has shown promising results with the use of chemotherapy-delivering nanocapsules. Currently, chemotherapy is delivered intravenously or through oral pills, which can cause unpleasant, if not fatal, side effects. These nanocapsules take chemotherapy drugs directly to the tumor site, which prevents damage to healthy cells during the therapeutic process. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Researchers have been exploring drug delivery through nanotechnology for over a decade. What makes this experiment stand out is its use of gold particles, which are activated by infrared light only once the nanocapsules reach the site of the tumor. Now that the nanocapsules have been developed, the research team must prove that they are safe for animals before moving on to human test subjects. </span></p> <hr /> <h2>MIS Bjork exhibit mixes Virtual Reality with music and art</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Björk Digital exhibit will run at São Paulo’s Museum of Image and Sound (MIS) until August 18. This marks the first time that the museum, which celebrates its 50th anniversary next year, hosts an exhibition with a virtual reality (VR) focus. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Icelandic musician Björk developed six VR videos with a team of renowned visual artists, including Andrew Thomas Huang and Jesse Kanda, as well as filmmakers Michel Gondry and Spike Jonze. The VR component allows visitors to have an immersive experience. “When you’re wearing virtual reality goggles, it’s just you and the art,” explains Cleber Papa, the cultural director at MIS. He told </span><b>The Brazilian Report </b><span style="font-weight: 400;">that the technology allows visitors to feel connected to the musician, who is featured in all six videos. </span></p> <p><img class="alignnone size-full wp-image-19882" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-from-iOS.jpg" alt="MIS Bjork exhibit mixes Virtual Reality with music and art " width="953" height="1334" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-from-iOS.jpg 953w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-from-iOS-214x300.jpg 214w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-from-iOS-768x1075.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-from-iOS-732x1024.jpg 732w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Image-from-iOS-610x854.jpg 610w" sizes="(max-width: 953px) 100vw, 953px" /></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Using technology to foster a connection with the audience seems to be a focal point of musician these days, as evidenced by the “Army Bomb” light stick used by </span><a href="https://brazilian.report/society/2019/05/25/k-pop-bts-brazil/"><span style="font-weight: 400;">K-Pop band BTS</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;">. But as Mr. Papa said, the Björk Digital experience is unique in that it allows the user to get up close to the artist—sometimes too close.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The VR portion of the exhibit is completely guided, and visitors are led from room to room by a total of 28 trained attendants. The first video eases visitors into the experience, with Björk singing on a beach. The goggles allow the user to look around at the panorama &#8211; or directly at the artist, with a shocking amount of detail. From that point, videos become increasingly more abstract and technologically complex, until Björk transforms into a humanoid figure. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The technology is slightly outdated in its third year, but the success of the exhibit, which consistently receives several hundreds of people per day, shows promise for the use of virtual reality in art. </span></p> <hr /> <h2>Tech Giants <i>v.</i> Brazil</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">An appellate court in southern Brazil slapped a BRL 23-million fine on Facebook, after the company failed to provide user private data on WhatsApp Messenger to a 2017 drug trafficking investigation. Still, the result was a partialwin for Facebook, as the original fine was BRL 2 billion.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">At the time of the investigation, the Federal Police asked for access to user conversations, but WhatsApp claimed inability to comply due to its end-to-end encryption.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This is not the first unpleasant encounter between Facebook and the Brazilian justice system. Just last year, a judge imposed a similar fine on the company during a healthcare fraud investigation. At times this has resulted in WhatsApp bans, to the dismay of its 123 million Brazilian users (which only served to bump Telegram download numbers in Brazil).</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">While Brazilian courts certainly don’t shy away from charging tech giants, results vary. Google avoided a fine of BRL 32 million this week after antitrust authorities found no evidence behind allegations of algorithm manipulation. The owner of two Brazilian online shopping websites raised concerns that Google Shopping held a privileged position in search results. European courts fined Google EUR 2.4 billion for a similar charge in 2015.  </span></p> <hr /> <h2>Harry Potter: Wizards Unite</h2> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Harry Potter Franchise released an augmented reality game for iPhones and Androids, which launched in Brazil this week. The game operates much like the notorious Pokémon Go, and is a potential hazard to public safety, as distracted users are more likely to risk </span><a href="https://emais.estadao.com.br/noticias/comportamento,danos-com-acidentes-de-carro-envolvendo-pokemon-go-chegam-aos-bilhoes-de-reais,70002099840"><span style="font-weight: 400;">car accidents</span></a><span style="font-weight: 400;"> and theft. </span></p> <hr /> <h2>Events</h2> <h4><a href="https://roadsec.com.br/">Roadsec (BH, Belém, São Paulo)</a></h4> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The technology, hacking and cybersecurity event Roadsec will reach Belo Horizonte on June 29th, with further events in Belém and São Paulo later in the year.</span></p> <h4><a href="https://www.finnovista.com/event/visa-everywhere-initiative-lac-2019/?lang=en">VISA Everywhere Initiative</a> (Latin America and the Carribean)</h4> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The challenges focus on three different segments: Digital Payments, Affluent Segment, and Secure Digital Commerce. Applications are due June 30.

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BY Juliana Costa

Juliana is a growth strategist and contributor to The Brazilian Report