Latin America

The final draft of Chile’s new Constitution presents some radical changes

The new text aims at a stronger welfare state, with indigenous, environmental, and gender rights also at the center

In 2019, Chileans protested to ask for a new Constitution. But the new text would be rejected today. Photo: Jose Giribas/Süddeutsche Zeitung via Alamy
In 2019, Chileans protested to ask for a new Constitution. But the new text would be rejected today. Photo: Jose Giribas/Süddeutsche Zeitung via Alamy

Chile’s Constitutional Assembly presented its final draft to President Gabriel Boric this week, exactly two months ahead of the September 4 exit referendum that will determine whether the text is adopted as the country’s new Constitution.

The proposal is 388-articles-long, one of the largest in the world, though from its very start it shows a marked contrast to the current dictatorship-era text. Article 1 argues that Chile is a “social and democratic state,” as well as “plurinational, intercultural, regional and ecological.”

According to the Assembly, the definition of the country as a “social state” comes in opposition...

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