In Central America, the 6.4-million inhabitants of Nicaragua held high expectations for 2021. With next year’s general elections, the hope was to finally overthrow President Daniel Ortega, who has ruled the country since 2006. Once a socialist freedom fighter, leading the Sandinista Revolution in the 1980s, Mr. Ortega has gradually turned into exactly what he once fought against: from an idyllic revolutionary to an authoritarian leader. And he wants more.
For the opposition and civil society, patience ran out in 2018. After a major reform to the Nicaraguan pension system, people rose up in protests that were brutally repressed by the government.