In 2019, Latin America endured a veritable political earthquake. Crises in Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru led to riots, coups, and the dissolving of local congresses. One year on, we are beginning to see the effects of this unrest at the ballot boxes.
Argentina went first at the end of last year, voting out neoliberal President Maurício Macri and turning left. In October, Bolivia swept the Movement for Socialism party back into power in a landslide victory, less than 12 months after Evo Morales had been ousted in a conservative-backed military coup. Progressive forces won in Chile’s constitutional referendum just weeks later.
In Chile, Ecuador, and Peru, the left is hopeful of victory in the 2021 general elections. Meanwhile,