Guide to Brazil

Brasília: Brazil’s planned capital

Brasília: Brazil's planned capital
Central Brasília. Photo: Ricardo Penna

The concept of Brasília was born on April 4, 1955, in Jataí, a village with no more than 1,000 residents at the time located in central Brazil. Juscelino Kubitschek, or JK, then-candidate for the presidential election held that year, was questioned about his plan to develop the countryside. At that time, there was an immense abyss – much greater than the one that currently persists – between the modern coast, where most of the urban population lived, and the empty land in the center. “I will relocate the government and build a new capital,” said JK.

After that day...

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