Guide to Brazil

Brazil’s First Republic

Proclamation of the Republic. Painting by Benedito Calixto
Proclamation of the Republic. Painting by Benedito Calixto

On November 15, 1889, a group of military personnel seized the Imperial Government of Pedro II and ended the monarchy, 67 years after our independence from the Portuguese colonial powers. Several factors caused the imperial family to lose popularity among Brazil’s rural elite: there were conflicts with the Catholic Church, which was subordinate to the crown; a deep economic crisis; the end of slavery in 1888; and the request for more autonomy from provinces like São Paulo and Minas Gerais. But the political-military coup that turned our country into a republic nearly didn’t occur.

Pressured by sectors of the army...

Access all of The Brazilian Report

Less expensive than a coffee!

Enjoy your 30-day limited-time offer for US$ 0.25 a week