Environment

How Belt and Road proposals can be adapted for the Amazon

New guidelines on greening China’s overseas investment should take note of the Amazon's unique qualities

Belt and Road Amazon
Amazonas River in Belém, Pará. Photo: ESB Professional/Shutterstock

The Amazon is the world’s most extensive forest and river system and a provider of ecosystem services that have benefits on a global scale. However, various economic activities — both legal and illegal — have led to the loss of vast forest areas. In 2020, the Amazon lost some 2.3 million hectares of forest.

These pressures have intensified the effects of climate change and the social and economic vulnerability of mainly rural and indigenous populations. This vulnerability can be particularly acute in countries such as Brazil, Colombia, and Peru, which are three of the most dangerous places for environmental...

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