Escazú Climate Agreement: Brazil among notable absences

Twelve Latin American countries ratified a landmark agreement to strengthen civil participation in environmental issues and help punish wrongdoings

Escazú Hills in Costa Rica, where the climate agreement was signed in 2018. Photo: Daniel Rojas Abarca/Shutterstock

Last week, the eyes of the world were fixed on the U.S.-hosted climate summit. While the event did bring some notable pledges — including President Joe Biden’s promise to reduce the world’s top economy’s dependence on fossil fuels. However, the White House-sponsored event overshadowed an even more significant step in the world’s reckoning with climate change: Latin America’s Escazú Agreement. It became fully operational on April 23, after being ratified by at least 12 countries — with the notable exception of Jair Bolsonaro’s Brazil.

Across 26 articles, the agreement aims to strengthen civil and political rights and improve...

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