“Avoid crowds, above all at night. Don’t make any visits. Take hygienic precautions with your nose and throat (…) Avoid fatigue or physical exertion. At the signs of the first symptoms, sick persons should go to bed, as rest will help the curing process and reduce complications and contagion. (…) The elderly should apply these precautions more rigorously.”
As fears over the Covid-19 pandemic begin to spread across Brazil and Latin America, the advice given above could easily have been included in a Health Ministry pamphlet. However, this excerpt was taken from the now-defunct newspaper Correio da Manhã, and printed in October 1918, to warn against Brazil’s worst-ever pandemic: the Spanish flu.