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Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports

. May 17, 2018
exports products Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports

During this year’s World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, former Finance Minister Henrique Meirelles poked at former President Dilma Rousseff by stating that Brazil has been trying to open up its economy – “after years of isolation.” Meirelles’ statement, unsurprisingly, was exaggerated.

During her five-year administration, Rousseff promoted over 35 bilateral agreements with China. She furthermore promoted Brazil’s relationship with Mexico and signed deals with the U.S. It is also noteworthy that Rousseff nominated Roberto Azevêdo to lead the World Trade Organization – it was the first time a Brazilian had achieved such a position.

Still, the Brazilian economy remains fairly insular. Our exports account for just 1.3 percent of the world’s trade volume[1], almost three times less than that of the Netherlands.

Below, you’ll find a few charts to help clarify your understanding of how Brazil participates in global trade (Source: OEC/MIT).

Brazil’s exports per country of destination
</h3> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4287" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-countries-1024x442.jpg" alt="exports countries Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="442" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-countries-1024x442.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-countries-300x129.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-countries-768x331.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-countries-610x263.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-countries.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <h3>Exports per product</h3> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4286" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-products-1024x442.jpg" alt="exports products Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="442" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-products-1024x442.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-products-300x129.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-products-768x331.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-products-610x263.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-products.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <h3>Over time (2000-2016)</h3> <h3><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4282" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-2000-2016-1024x412.jpg" alt="exports 2000-2016 Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="412" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-2000-2016-1024x412.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-2000-2016-300x121.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-2000-2016-768x309.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-2000-2016-610x245.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-2000-2016.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></h3> <h3>Brazil-China</h3> <p>China has become Brazil&#8217;s <a href="https://brazilian.report/2017/10/17/china-influence-brazils-economy/">main trade partner</a>. Between 1999 and 2011, Brazil&#8217;s exports to China grew by a compound annual growth rate of 47 percent. Meanwhile, China&#8217;s exports to Brazil have also grown at a fast pace: a CAGR of 38 percent over that 12-year period. Here&#8217;s what Brazil is exporting to China:</p> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4284" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-to-china-1024x442.jpg" alt="exports to china Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="442" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-to-china-1024x442.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-to-china-300x129.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-to-china-768x331.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-to-china-610x263.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-to-china.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <p>And what we are importing from the Asian giant.</p> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4290" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-from-china--1024x465.jpg" alt="imports from china Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="465" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-from-china--1024x465.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-from-china--300x136.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-from-china--768x349.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-from-china--610x277.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-from-china-.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <h3>Commodities</h3> <p>It isn’t exactly news that Brazil’s economy is highly dependent on commodities. However, that dependency has become even acuter in recent years. Commodity exports accounted for 6.5 percent of the Brazilian GDP during the 2014-2015 cycle – that’s 0.9 percent more than during 2009-2010<sup>[2]</sup>. Here&#8217;s what Brazil has exported in terms of agricultural and mineral goods.</p> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4285" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-agro-and-mineral-products-1024x442.jpg" alt="exports agro and mineral products Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="442" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-agro-and-mineral-products-1024x442.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-agro-and-mineral-products-300x129.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-agro-and-mineral-products-768x331.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-agro-and-mineral-products-610x263.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-agro-and-mineral-products.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <p>Between 2014 and 2015, food products accounted for 57 percent of exports. Since then, however, Brazil’s food industry has suffered numerous setbacks. On May 16, the European Union announced a ban on fish imports from Brazil due to <a href="https://brazilian.report/2018/03/06/brazil-meat-brf-cheat-food-safety/">problems with sanitation</a>.</p> <h3>Where does Brazil export soybeans to?</h3> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4283" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-soybeans-countries-1024x442.jpg" alt="exports soybeans countries Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="442" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-soybeans-countries-1024x442.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-soybeans-countries-300x129.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-soybeans-countries-768x331.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-soybeans-countries-610x263.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/exports-soybeans-countries.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <h3>Imports</h3> <p>Brazil is not a big importer, in comparison with other similar economies. In 2016, the country imported USD 46.9 billion worth of products. In that same year, Turkey imported USD 198.6 billion and India imported USD 359 billion. And if 40 percent of Brazilian exports go to Asian countries – 34 percent of our imports come from them.</p> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4288" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-countries-1024x442.jpg" alt="imports countries Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="442" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-countries-1024x442.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-countries-300x129.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-countries-768x331.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-countries-610x263.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-countries.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <h3>Imports over time (2000-2016)</h3> <p><img loading="lazy" class="alignnone size-large wp-image-4281" src="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-2000-2016-1024x411.jpg" alt="imports 2000-2016 Mapping Brazil’s exports and imports" width="1024" height="411" srcset="https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-2000-2016-1024x411.jpg 1024w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-2000-2016-300x120.jpg 300w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-2000-2016-768x308.jpg 768w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-2000-2016-610x245.jpg 610w, https://brazilian.report/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/imports-2000-2016.jpg 2048w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" /></p> <hr /> <h6><sup>[1]</sup> <em>Data from 2014.<br /> </em><sup>[2]</sup> <em>Data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

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Gustavo Ribeiro

An award-winning journalist, Gustavo has extensive experience covering Brazilian politics and international affairs. He has been featured across Brazilian and French media outlets and founded The Brazilian Report in 2017. He holds a master’s degree in Political Science and Latin American studies from Panthéon-Sorbonne University in Paris.

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